The Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program (42 U.S.C. § 3751(a)) is the primary provider of federal criminal justice funding to state and local jurisdictions. The JAG Program provides states and units of local governments with critical funding necessary to support a range of program areas including law enforcement, prosecution and court programs, prevention and education programs, corrections and community corrections, drug treatment and enforcement, crime victim and witness initiatives, and planning, evaluation, and technology improvement programs. The JAG Program replaces the former Byrne Formula and Local Law Enforcement Block Grant (LLEBG) programs with a single mechanism to provide this funding.
The initial allocation to each state is divided with 60% to state government and 40% for direct awards to municipalities (pass-through) that qualify for a direct award of $10,000 or more as determined with a formula that takes population and serious crime into consideration. If a portion of the pass-through is not awarded the unused funds are returned to the state to supplement the 60% portion.
JAG funds may be used for state and local initiatives, technical assistance, strategic planning, research and evaluation (including forensics), data collection, training, personnel, equipment, forensic laboratories, supplies, contractual support, and criminal justice information systems that will improve or enhance such areas as:
In each state and territory, the Governor or other Chief Executive Officer designates an agency (the State Administering Agency) to apply for and administer these funds. The SAA will be responsible for: